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/*
 * Block driver for RAW files (win32)
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Fabrice Bellard
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
 * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */

#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "qemu-timer.h"
#include "block_int.h"
#include "module.h"
#include <windows.h>
#include <winioctl.h>

#define FTYPE_FILE 0
#define FTYPE_CD     1
#define FTYPE_HARDDISK 2

typedef struct BDRVRawState {
    HANDLE hfile;
    int type;
    char drive_path[16]; /* format: "d:\" */
} BDRVRawState;

int qemu_ftruncate64(int fd, int64_t length)
{
    LARGE_INTEGER li;
    LONG high;
    HANDLE h;
    BOOL res;

    if ((GetVersion() & 0x80000000UL) && (length >> 32) != 0)
        return -1;

    h = (HANDLE)_get_osfhandle(fd);

    /* get current position, ftruncate do not change position */
    li.HighPart = 0;
    li.LowPart = SetFilePointer (h, 0, &li.HighPart, FILE_CURRENT);
    if (li.LowPart == 0xffffffffUL && GetLastError() != NO_ERROR)
        return -1;

    high = length >> 32;
    if (!SetFilePointer(h, (DWORD) length, &high, FILE_BEGIN))
        return -1;
    res = SetEndOfFile(h);

    /* back to old position */
    SetFilePointer(h, li.LowPart, &li.HighPart, FILE_BEGIN);
    return res ? 0 : -1;
}

static int set_sparse(int fd)
{
    DWORD returned;
    return (int) DeviceIoControl((HANDLE)_get_osfhandle(fd), FSCTL_SET_SPARSE,
                                 NULL, 0, NULL, 0, &returned, NULL);
}

static int raw_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
{
    BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
    int access_flags, create_flags;
    DWORD overlapped;

    s->type = FTYPE_FILE;

    if ((flags & BDRV_O_ACCESS) == O_RDWR) {
        access_flags = GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE;
    } else {
        access_flags = GENERIC_READ;
    }
    if (flags & BDRV_O_CREAT) {
        create_flags = CREATE_ALWAYS;
    } else {
        create_flags = OPEN_EXISTING;
    }
    overlapped = FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL;
    if ((flags & BDRV_O_NOCACHE))
        overlapped |= FILE_FLAG_NO_BUFFERING | FILE_FLAG_WRITE_THROUGH;
    else if (!(flags & BDRV_O_CACHE_WB))
        overlapped |= FILE_FLAG_WRITE_THROUGH;
    s->hfile = CreateFile(filename, access_flags,
                          FILE_SHARE_READ, NULL,
                          create_flags, overlapped, NULL);
    if (s->hfile == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
        int err = GetLastError();

        if (err == ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED)
            return -EACCES;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

static int raw_read(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
                    uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors)
{
    BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
    OVERLAPPED ov;
    DWORD ret_count;
    int ret;
    int64_t offset = sector_num * 512;
    int count = nb_sectors * 512;

    memset(&ov, 0, sizeof(ov));
    ov.Offset = offset;
    ov.OffsetHigh = offset >> 32;
    ret = ReadFile(s->hfile, buf, count, &ret_count, &ov);
    if (!ret)
        return ret_count;
    if (ret_count == count)
        ret_count = 0;
    return ret_count;
}

static int raw_write(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
                     const uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors)
{
    BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
    OVERLAPPED ov;
    DWORD ret_count;
    int ret;
    int64_t offset = sector_num * 512;
    int count = nb_sectors * 512;

    memset(&ov, 0, sizeof(ov));
    ov.Offset = offset;
    ov.OffsetHigh = offset >> 32;
    ret = WriteFile(s->hfile, buf, count, &ret_count, &ov);
    if (!ret)
        return ret_count;
    if (ret_count == count)
        ret_count = 0;
    return ret_count;
}

static void raw_flush(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
    BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
    FlushFileBuffers(s->hfile);
}

static void raw_close(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
    BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
    CloseHandle(s->hfile);
}

static int raw_truncate(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset)
{
    BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
    LONG low, high;

    low = offset;
    high = offset >> 32;
    if (!SetFilePointer(s->hfile, low, &high, FILE_BEGIN))
        return -EIO;
    if (!SetEndOfFile(s->hfile))
        return -EIO;
    return 0;
}

static int64_t raw_getlength(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
    BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
    LARGE_INTEGER l;
    ULARGE_INTEGER available, total, total_free;
    DISK_GEOMETRY_EX dg;
    DWORD count;
    BOOL status;

    switch(s->type) {
    case FTYPE_FILE:
        l.LowPart = GetFileSize(s->hfile, (PDWORD)&l.HighPart);
        if (l.LowPart == 0xffffffffUL && GetLastError() != NO_ERROR)
            return -EIO;
        break;
    case FTYPE_CD:
        if (!GetDiskFreeSpaceEx(s->drive_path, &available, &total, &total_free))
            return -EIO;
        l.QuadPart = total.QuadPart;
        break;
    case FTYPE_HARDDISK:
        status = DeviceIoControl(s->hfile, IOCTL_DISK_GET_DRIVE_GEOMETRY_EX,
                                 NULL, 0, &dg, sizeof(dg), &count, NULL);
        if (status != 0) {
            l = dg.DiskSize;
        }
        break;
    default:
        return -EIO;
    }
    return l.QuadPart;
}

static int raw_create(const char *filename, QEMUOptionParameter *options)
{
    int fd;
    int64_t total_size = 0;

    /* Read out options */
    while (options && options->name) {
        if (!strcmp(options->name, BLOCK_OPT_SIZE)) {
            total_size = options->value.n / 512;
        }
        options++;
    }

    fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_BINARY,
              0644);
    if (fd < 0)
        return -EIO;
    set_sparse(fd);
    ftruncate(fd, total_size * 512);
    close(fd);
    return 0;
}

static QEMUOptionParameter raw_create_options[] = {
    {
        .name = BLOCK_OPT_SIZE,
        .type = OPT_SIZE,
        .help = "Virtual disk size"
    },
    { NULL }
};

static BlockDriver bdrv_raw = {
    .format_name        = "raw",
    .instance_size      = sizeof(BDRVRawState),
    .bdrv_open          = raw_open,
    .bdrv_close         = raw_close,
    .bdrv_create        = raw_create,
    .bdrv_flush         = raw_flush,
    .bdrv_read          = raw_read,
    .bdrv_write         = raw_write,
    .bdrv_truncate      = raw_truncate,
    .bdrv_getlength     = raw_getlength,

    .create_options = raw_create_options,
};

/***********************************************/
/* host device */

static int find_cdrom(char *cdrom_name, int cdrom_name_size)
{
    char drives[256], *pdrv = drives;
    UINT type;

    memset(drives, 0, sizeof(drives));
    GetLogicalDriveStrings(sizeof(drives), drives);
    while(pdrv[0] != '\0') {
        type = GetDriveType(pdrv);
        switch(type) {
        case DRIVE_CDROM:
            snprintf(cdrom_name, cdrom_name_size, "\\\\.\\%c:", pdrv[0]);
            return 0;
            break;
        }
        pdrv += lstrlen(pdrv) + 1;
    }
    return -1;
}

static int find_device_type(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename)
{
    BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
    UINT type;
    const char *p;

    if (strstart(filename, "\\\\.\\", &p) ||
        strstart(filename, "//./", &p)) {
        if (stristart(p, "PhysicalDrive", NULL))
            return FTYPE_HARDDISK;
        snprintf(s->drive_path, sizeof(s->drive_path), "%c:\\", p[0]);
        type = GetDriveType(s->drive_path);
        switch (type) {
        case DRIVE_REMOVABLE:
        case DRIVE_FIXED:
            return FTYPE_HARDDISK;
        case DRIVE_CDROM:
            return FTYPE_CD;
        default:
            return FTYPE_FILE;
        }
    } else {
        return FTYPE_FILE;
    }
}

static int hdev_probe_device(const char *filename)
{
    if (strstart(filename, "/dev/cdrom", NULL))
        return 100;
    if (is_windows_drive(filename))
        return 100;
    return 0;
}

static int hdev_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
{
    BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
    int access_flags, create_flags;
    DWORD overlapped;
    char device_name[64];

    if (strstart(filename, "/dev/cdrom", NULL)) {
        if (find_cdrom(device_name, sizeof(device_name)) < 0)
            return -ENOENT;
        filename = device_name;
    } else {
        /* transform drive letters into device name */
        if (((filename[0] >= 'a' && filename[0] <= 'z') ||
             (filename[0] >= 'A' && filename[0] <= 'Z')) &&
            filename[1] == ':' && filename[2] == '\0') {
            snprintf(device_name, sizeof(device_name), "\\\\.\\%c:", filename[0]);
            filename = device_name;
        }
    }
    s->type = find_device_type(bs, filename);

    if ((flags & BDRV_O_ACCESS) == O_RDWR) {
        access_flags = GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE;
    } else {
        access_flags = GENERIC_READ;
    }
    create_flags = OPEN_EXISTING;

    overlapped = FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL;
    if ((flags & BDRV_O_NOCACHE))
        overlapped |= FILE_FLAG_NO_BUFFERING | FILE_FLAG_WRITE_THROUGH;
    else if (!(flags & BDRV_O_CACHE_WB))
        overlapped |= FILE_FLAG_WRITE_THROUGH;
    s->hfile = CreateFile(filename, access_flags,
                          FILE_SHARE_READ, NULL,
                          create_flags, overlapped, NULL);
    if (s->hfile == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
        int err = GetLastError();

        if (err == ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED)
            return -EACCES;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

#if 0
/***********************************************/
/* removable device additional commands */

static int raw_is_inserted(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
    return 1;
}

static int raw_media_changed(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
    return -ENOTSUP;
}

static int raw_eject(BlockDriverState *bs, int eject_flag)
{
    DWORD ret_count;

    if (s->type == FTYPE_FILE)
        return -ENOTSUP;
    if (eject_flag) {
        DeviceIoControl(s->hfile, IOCTL_STORAGE_EJECT_MEDIA,
                        NULL, 0, NULL, 0, &lpBytesReturned, NULL);
    } else {
        DeviceIoControl(s->hfile, IOCTL_STORAGE_LOAD_MEDIA,
                        NULL, 0, NULL, 0, &lpBytesReturned, NULL);
    }
}

static int raw_set_locked(BlockDriverState *bs, int locked)
{
    return -ENOTSUP;
}
#endif

static BlockDriver bdrv_host_device = {
    .format_name        = "host_device",
    .instance_size      = sizeof(BDRVRawState),
    .bdrv_probe_device  = hdev_probe_device,
    .bdrv_open          = hdev_open,
    .bdrv_close         = raw_close,
    .bdrv_flush         = raw_flush,

    .bdrv_read          = raw_read,
    .bdrv_write         = raw_write,
    .bdrv_getlength     = raw_getlength,
};

static void bdrv_raw_init(void)
{
    bdrv_register(&bdrv_raw);
    bdrv_register(&bdrv_host_device);
}

block_init(bdrv_raw_init);